Successful treatment of any disease depend on 4 components – Doctor,medicine, patient and attendant.

Chikitsa chatushpad (4 components of treatment)

🌷Disease is imbalance of dosha, dhatu and mala.
🌷Bringing them back to equilibrium is chikitsa or treatment.

🌷 To treat any disease is not only physician responsibility but there are 3 more aspects to it.

🌷In absence of them even a great physician will not be able to cure disease.

4 components which are responsible to cure any disease effectively there are-

1.Bhishag( vaidhya or doctor)

  1. Upasthata(attendant)
  2. Rogi ( patient)

These 4 components should possess following qualities

  1. Vaidhya or doctor
    He is most important component as he is the one who is using other 3 components, doctor should have following qualities

✅He must be knowledgeable, he should have knowledge about sign, symptoms and treatment of disease.
✅He should have experience and practical knowledge in his field of expertise.

✅He should be disciplined and proficient in his work .

✅He should be clean physically, mentally and emotionally.He should not work under effect of any negative emotion like greed, hatred or jealousy.


✅It should suitable for disease.

✅It can be used in different forms and dose.

✅It should have all the required qualities.
✅ It should be available easily.


The person who takes care of patient he can be nurse or family member,attendant should possess following qualities –
✅He should have knowledge of nursing.
✅Proficient in his work.
✅He should be affectionate and compassionate towards patients.
✅He should follow cleanliness physically and free from negative emotions.

4.Patient –
Patient is the one for whom all are working, he is also responsible to cure illness. Patients with following qualities definitely helps in speedy healing-
✅He should have good memory to follow instructions given by doctor like to take medicine on time and to come for follow up.

✅He should be obedient, he should follow diet, exercise or therapies suggested to him.
✅He should be fearless and courageous.

✅ He should have ability to explains about symptoms of illness as it is, without exaggerating or tone them down .

🌷Combined efforts of all of them restore health.

🌷Among them also Doctor is most important, as it is only doctor who is responsible to use other components effectively.

🌷Like to cook food even with all the ingredients, vessel and fire food cannot be cooked if cook is not efficient .

🌷Similarly a vaidhya with the help of 3 other aspects of treatment with required qualities can successfully treat diseases.

Published by Dr. Amrita Sharma

I am an ayurvedic practitioner with experience of more than a decade, I have worked with best ayurvedic companies and now with the purpose of reaching out people to make them aware about ayurveda which is not just a system of treatment but a way of living to remain healthy

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